||This is a seminar course on the history of early cinema. By early cinema I mean the first twenty years or so after 1895, namely from the Lumieres to the estab-lishment of the so-called Classical Hollywood Cinema. This was the period when cinema was still young and not sure of its place in the modern world. Was it a form of entertainment, a revolutionary visual art, a form of drama, a recording technology, an educational tool, or just a fairground novelty? Early cinema pro-vides one of the gaps in history through which we can see the undercurrents of history. We will look closely at the evolution of the language of film, as well as cinema’s relationships with technology and other visual arts. Requirement: term paper.