||Our film-watching experiences are dominated by narrative films, if not Hollywood films. Movies, however, did not start with storytelling. On the contrary, in the beginning years of films, due to the length limitation of film stocks, most films were anything but narrative films. This tradition of non-narrative films has never disappeared. It has developed into many different forms of moving-image art. This course seeks to familiarize students with this submerged but nonetheless strong tradition. We will travel back to Berlin in the 1910s and to Moscow in the 1920s, and then wander via post-WWII America to modern Taiwan.